Forests and Habitat

In 1851, there was 80% woodland cover in Elgin, Kent and Middlesex Counties. By 1951, this had dropped to less than 10%, contributing to a large amount of soil erosion. The clearing of forests due to urbanization and agricultural land uses has contributed to soil erosion. Essential topsoil and nutrients blow away and enter waterways causing pollution and degradation of fish habitats. The loss of forests has tremendous financial and social costs for all residents of the LTVCA’s watershed.


Plan Your Spring Tree Planting Projects Now

The Lower Thames Valley Conservation Authority has encouraged the planting of trees for windbreaks, small woodlots and wildlife shelter. Trees reduce soil erosion and heating costs, increase crop yields, enrich topsoil, absorb noise pollution and carbon dioxide, provide wildlife shelter, beautify and cool environment, provide wood and paper products, enhance recreation areas and produce oxygen! Since 1985, over 1.5 million trees have been planted in the watershed and region with the help of the Lower Thames Valley Conservation Authority. This planting and spraying service is offered to landowners of 5 acres or more in the watershed.

Forest Cover Map

Drainage Map

Physiography Map

Conservation Services Fees


Sponserd in part by Union Gas

Lower Thames Valley Conservation Authority
100 Thames Street, Chatham, Ontario Canada N7L 2Y8
Tel:519-354-7310 Fax:519-352-3435

© 2012 Lower Thames Valley Conservation Authority